The 2002 Greater Phoenix Jewish Community Study

Sponsor(s): Jewish Federation of Greater Phoenix

Principal Investigator(s): Jacob B. Ukeles, Ron Miller

Population Estimates: 2002 Jewish Community Study estimated that there were 82,900 Jewish persons in 44,000 Jewish households in the Greater Phoenix area. In addition, 23,100 non-Jews also lived in these households for a total of 106,000 people in these Jewish households.
Key Findings:
  • The number of Jewish households more than doubled between the 1983-84 study estimate of 18,500 Jewish households and the 2002 estimate of 44,000.

  • The total number of people in Jewish households also increased from 45,000 in 1983-84 to 106,900 in 2002. The number of Jewish persons was not reported separately in the earlier study.

  • Jewish households represented 3% of all Greater Phoenix area households in 1983-84, but 4% in 2002.

  • 42% of all Jewish households moved to the area in the ten years preceding the study; 10,000 new households moved to the area in the five years preceding the survey;

  • Few Jewish households reported initial outreach from the Jewish community when they moved to Greater Phoenix; 14% were contacted by someone who welcomed them, 18% received written information about the Jewish community, and 26% were invited to a synagogue or Jewish community event;

  • 20% of all people in Jewish Phoenix are children under age 18, and 20% are seniors 65 and over. Since 1983-84, however, the community has gotten older; in 1983-84, only 12% of the community were seniors;

  • 44% of Jewish respondents identify as Reform Jews, 24% as Conservative, 4% as Secular Humanist and another 5% as Jewish-no religion, 3% as Orthodox, and 16% as non-denominational.

  • 29% of survey households report congregation membership; only 40% are connected to any Jewish organization, including a synagogue or a JCC. Subjective feelings reflect the same disconnection; 64% of all Jewish respondents report feeling "only a little" or "not at all" part of a Jewish community in Phoenix;

  • The cost of being " Jewish" was described as a major factor preventing Jewish engagement for many respondents, especially those with children; 34% said the cost of a day school education had at some time in the preceding five years prevented them from sending a child to a fulltime Jewish day school; 30% said cost prevented them from going to Israel or sending a child to Israel; 28% said cost prevented them from sending a child to a Jewish sleep-away camp; 23% said cost prevented them from joining a synagogue or temple;

  • Traditional Jewish ritual observance levels had declined since 1984; always/usually attended a Seder declined from 81% to 62%; lighting Chanukah candles declined from 79% to 64%; light Shabbat candles always/usually declined from 33% in 1983-84 to 18% in 2002;

  • 40% of currently married couples are intermarried; in the Tri-cities area, 60% of couples are intermarried; in 1984, the reported intermarriage rate was 24%.

  • There are as many children living in intermarried Jewish households in Greater Phoenix as there are in households where both partners are Jewish. Less than half of these children are being raised as Jews: 26% of these children are being raised Jewish only, 18% are being raised Jewish and something else;

  • 25% of all Jewish households report donations to the Jewish federation, a sharp decline from the 39% donation estimate in 1983-84 study; 63% of all households reported never having been asked for a charitable contribution to the Federation.
Sample: Adult Jewish Households in Greater Phoenix. Geographic areas included in the study include the city of Phoenix, Scottsdale and the Northeast Valley, the Northwest Valley (including Glendale, Peoria and Sun City), and the Tri-Cities area.

Sample Size: 793 Jewish household telephone interviews completed from January 23-May 15, 2002.

Sample Notes: The sampling procedure used in the 2002 Study utilized random sampling from two basic unduplicated, complimentary sampling frames: (1) the Jewish Federation's list of (mostly) Jewish households designed to represent a significant proportion of Jewish households "known" to the Jewish community prior to the study, and (2) a Residual RDD (random digit dialed) sampling frame consisting of all potential random digit generated telephone numbers in the Greater Phoenix area after the Federation List numbers had been electronically de-duplicated, which was designed to represent "unknown" Jewish households.

A total of 564 interviews were completed within the List sampling frame, 229 within the residual RDD frame. After weighting, the 564 List interviews represented only 23% of all Jewish households estimated to live in the Greater Phoenix area, while the 220 residual RDD interviews comprised 77% of all Jewish households in the study area, and in the data file.

Geographic areas included in the survey: (a) North and Central Phoenix, (b) Scottsdale and the Northeast Valley, including Paradise Valley, (c) Northwest Valley, including Glendale, Peoria, Arizona State University West, Sun City and Sun City West.

Technical Appendix describes sampling plan in detail, identifying all sampling strata used within geographic sub-areas, and describing estimation and weighting procedures.

The survey data file includes weights designed to extrapolate completed interviews to reflect estimates of Jewish households, Jewish persons and the total population living in Jewish households in the Phoenix area. "HHWeight" extrapolates survey data to 44,043 Jewish households: "JewWeigh" extraploates data to an estimated 82,290 Jewish persons; "PopWeigh" extrapolates data to 106,909 people living in Greater Phoenix Jewish households.


Survey Reports

» Main Report

» Highlights Report & Associated Slides

Slide Sets

» A Tale of Two "Jewish?" Cities: San Diego and Phoenix

» Overview Slide Set

Documentation, Questionnaires and Frequencies

» Screener

» Questionnaire

Data Files and Data Definitions

» Zipped SPSS Data File

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