The 2002 Pittsburgh Jewish Community Study

Sponsor(s): Jewish Healthcare Foundation, United Jewish Federation of Greater Pittsburgh

Principal Investigator(s): Jacob B. Ukeles, Ron Miller

Study Dates: November 8, 2001 - February 1, 2002

Population Estimates: An estimated 42,200 Jewish persons live in 20,900 Jewish households in the Greater Pittsburgh Study area. Including non-Jews, the total number of people living in these households is approximately 54,200.
Key Findings: The Jewish population of Greater Pittsburgh declined slightly (6%) since the last study in 1984 - - from 44,900 Jews in 1984 to 42,200 in 2002.

  • In contrast, the number of non-Jewish persons living in a household with a Jewish adult increased 14% during the same time frame.

Jewish households in 2002 represented 4% of all Allegheny County (the major geographic focus of the Study) households.

The Jewish community is younger than expected; 21% of the 54,200 people in Jewish households are under age 18, while 18% are 65 or older.

A relatively large number of younger people in Jewish Pittsburgh are newcomers - - over 1,700 Jewish respondents had moved to the area in the five years preceding the survey.

Squirrel Hill remained the center of the Jewish community.

  • Zip Code 15217, Squirrel Hill, included 28% of all Jewish household.

  • Squirrel Hill and areas adjacent to it have significant proportions of older residents.

41% of all Jewish respondents identify as Reform Jews, 32% as Conservative, 7% as Orthodox, 2% Reconstructionist and 14% report "No Denomination-Just Jewish."

53% of respondents report household synagogue membership - 64% of households have some Jewish organizational connection (including synagogue membership).

Over one-third (36%) of currently married couples are intermarried.

  • Intermarriage rates have increased dramatically for recent marriages; 59% of married couples who were married since 1990 are intermarried.

  • Squirrel Hill Jewish respondents tend to be inmarried (only 16% intermarried), while 32% of Eastern suburb households, 45% of South Hills and 53% of Fox Chapel-North Hills respondents are intermarried.

  • 11,400 children under age 18 live in Pittsburgh Jewish households - of them 72% are being raised Jewish only and another 5% Jewish-and-something-else;

  • 4,400 children are being raised in an intermarried household; only 36% are being raised Jewish, 11% Jewish and something else, 40% are not being raised Jewish and 14% are "undecided."

83% of Jewish households report a donation to a non-Jewish charity, 47% report a Jewish Federation donation and 59% report a donation to a Jewish charity other than Federation.

  • Younger respondents are much more likely, as are intermarried respondents, to make donations to non-Jewish causes only.

Connections to Israel are strong - 44% of Jewish respondents report Israel travel, 52% have friends or relatives in Israel, and Israel is a very important part of Jewish identity for over half of all Jewish respondents (63% of Jewish seniors).

Sample: Adult Jewish Households in Greater Pittsburgh. Allegheny County, including the City of Pittsburgh was the major focus of the survey, although some interviews were completed in Western Westmoreland County, Beaver County, Butler County and Washington County.

Sample Size: 1313 completed telephone intefviews.

Sample Notes: The study defined a Jew as a person who self-identifies as a Jew or a child who is being raised Jewish.

The study used a stratified random sample of seven sampling frames/strata in three sampling areas: Allegheny County (1) Federation list sampling frame, 2) High density RDD (random digit dialed) residual sampling stratum, 3) Medium density RDD residual sampling stratum, 4) Low density RDD residual sampling stratum; Westmoreland County (5) Federation list sampling frame and (6), Residual RDD sampling frame; Beaver, Butler and Washington Counties (7) Federation list only sampling frame.

All telephone numbers from the list sample were electronically removed from the RDD frame to ensure that no Jewish household could be found in both frames.

In Allegheny county the assignment of telephone exchanges into density-based strata was guided by pre-survey estimates of the density of Jewish population.

The response rate to the interviewing is reported in the executive summary of the report as being 41.6%.

Cooperation rate of 92%; 1,313 of 1,426 identified Jewish households completed the survey.

Study Notes: Data are weighted to extrapolate to the number of Jewish households and Jewish persons in Greater Pittsburgh.

Methodological details in Technical Appendix.

  • "HHWeight" extrapolates to 20,940 households precisely.

  • "JewWeight" extrapolates to 42,166 Jewish persons in these households.

  • "Popweight" extrapolates data to the 54,243 people (Jews and non-Jews) living in Jewish households.

Downloads

Survey Reports

» Main Report
(PDF)

» Summary Report
(PDF)

» Technical Appendix
(PDF)

Slide Sets

» Slide Set
(PDF)

Documentation, Questionnaires and Frequencies

» Screener Questionnaire
(PDF)

» Questionnaire
(PDF)

Data Files and Data Definitions

» Zipped SPSS Data File
(ZIP)

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